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Oral Cysts 

Oral cysts are one of the most serious dental problems to require emergency dentistry. Untreated oral cysts have the potential to cause pain and discomfort in an affected area of the mouth, and if serious, can also spread to the gums, face and jaw. Because of this, if you suspect you have an oral cyst, it really is not worth taking a risk and leaving it; you must seek emergency dental care immediately to get rid of the problem before it wreaks havoc in other areas of the mouth.

What exactly is a dental cyst? 

An oral cyst, in its simplest form, is a sac filled with fluid that forms in the mouth and it can sometimes cause excruciating pain for a patient. It can be triggered by some form of dental trauma but in most instances it will be as a result of an infection. 

Symptoms to watch out for

Because there are different types of cysts (we will discuss this later on in the piece) there are variations of symptoms to watch out for. This being said, there are a few common symptoms with which you should be familiar. These include pain in or near the teeth, formation of lumps, and any signs of infection. Infection is the most common cause of this dental problem so you need to be aware of what to look out for.

It really is paramount that as soon as you think a cyst is developing you take yourself off to the dentist without delay. Dentists treat the formation and the possibility of cysts extremely seriously and in the majority of cases will opt to remove the cyst immediately. It is normal practice to analyse the cyst for malignancy as well. This may send shivers down the spines of many people, but you have to be aware that this is standard practice. Even though, in the majority of instances, cysts do not prove to be cancerous, it is better to be safe than sorry, which is why a dentist will always exercise caution. 

How does a cyst generally form?

More often than not, cysts form as a result of the accumulation of infected material inside the mouth. The cyst then provides shelter for the infected fluid and, if left untreated, can gradually spread the infection to other parts of the mouth causing untold pain and distress. A cyst will not disappear on its own; emergency treatment will be required to solve the problem.

As we have already previously mentioned, there are different kinds of cysts and each one requires a different form of treatment in order to get rid of it.  Before we delve into the characteristics of each cyst, however, it is important to know that should you think you have any of the cysts mentioned, you contact an emergency dentist as soon as possible. If you live in the south London area, our staff at Pearl Dental Clinic will certainly be able to help you. Don’t run the risk of the problem getting worse.

There are generally four types of cysts: mucocele; odontogenic; dentigerous and periapical.  We will start with the latter.

Periapical cysts are caused by an infection in the pulp of the tooth and can result in considerable discomfort if left. In this type of cyst, it is known that fluid can get to the bottom of the tooth after penetrating through the middle of the tooth and it can become trapped by the surrounding tissue. This results in the formation of a cyst.

A mucocele cyst, as you can probably guess with the name, is a cyst that is intrinsically linked to mucus. This kind of cyst develops when the tissue inside the mouth has been injured or aggravated and normally results in growths that tend to rupture on their own over time. In some instances, however, they will not disappear on their own, so a dentist will have to be contacted in order for the growth to be drained. A plus point with this type of cyst is that they are painless.

An odontogenic cyst is one that grows in the jawbone. In this case, a dentist will more than likely remove it to prevent any further problems occurring down the line, such as the growth putting additional pressure on the jawbone and making it weaker. If left, the cyst can increase in size, which can result in the jawbone also getting bigger and having a noticeable bump.

Finally, a dentigerous cyst is related to wisdom teeth and many people will suffer with this cyst form in their lifetime. Cysts like this normally form as a result of impacted wisdom teeth but do not  cause any discomfort. In fact they can go unnoticed. It is still worth while seeking a dentist straight away if you do spot a cyst like this, however, as they can push some surrounding teeth out of line.