24 Hour Emergency Dentist Hotline
0203 750 5307
Please fill in all fields
Your message has been sent successfully!

Gum Disease

There are two forms of gum disease, gingivitis and periodontal disease, both are characterised by an infection of the soft tissue in the mouth, leading to swelling, soreness, and sometimes bleeding from the gums. Although there are different types of gum disease, they are all caused by the same thing; plaque. Plaque is a sticky yellow film that forms in the mouth every day, most kinds of bacteria found in plaque won’t cause any problems, but there are several that are known to cause gum disease. In order to avoid a build-up of plaque, you should brush and floss daily – twice if you have the time.
Gingivitis is usually associated with bad breath, due to the waste products given off by the bacteria living in the plaque, between the teeth. Swollen, tender gums are another common symptom of this kind of gum disease, which can be very difficult to cope with daily – they may bleed when brushed and this exacerbates the problem. Inflammation of the gums is typically the first indication of gingivitis, so if you notice any pain or bleeding whilst brushing your teeth, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as you can.

Periodontal disease is actually the next stage of gingivitis. If left untreated, the gingivalis bacteria that cause gum disease will lead to even greater problems in the mouth. There are several types of periodontal disease, none of which are easy to deal with, due to the advanced nature of the problem. Because the disease eats away at the gums, the bones which hold the teeth in place become rotten and break away from the tissue, this causes the teeth to loosen in their sockets, eventually falling out if something isn’t done to stop it spreading further. Before you worry yourself unnecessarily, remember that gum disease is a slow process, at any time you can step in to put a stop to it, or take preventative measure to begin with. Smoking is a major cause of gum disease among adults in the UK, and those who smoke regularly will produce more plaque. As with all parts of the body, smoking prevents enough oxygen from passing through the bloodstream and because the teeth are directly exposed the process is sped up considerably. Do yourself and your teeth a favour and throw the cigarettes away, unless you want a tooth-less grin.

The first stages of gum disease are much easier to treat than the advanced state of periodontal disease, and the dentists at the Pearl Dental Clinic in London are well prepared to deal with such occurrences. If you recognise some of the symptoms of gum disease, book yourself in for a check-up, where the dentist will examine your teeth and gums, take an x-ray, and generally assess the condition of your mouth. Following this, a deep clean is usually prescribed, removing all build up to reveal what condition the teeth are in underneath. Depending how much damage the gum disease has done, there may be some need for further treatment, such as root planning – to clean the roots of the teeth, or extractions in some cases.

Always remember that after this process is complete, you are not immune to having these problems again. Take note of the oral hygiene advice that your dentist gives you, brush and floss every day, and book regular appointments at the surgery. Although periodontal disease is never one hundred percent cured, the decay can be slowed almost to a stop, as long as good dental care is undertaken.